ZWIEFACHER

German

 
PRONUNCIATION: TSVEE-fah-her
 
TRANSLATION: Two sections
 
SOURCE: Dick Oakes learned these dances from Morry Gelman. Morry and his son, Michael Gelman, are the exponents of the Zwiefacher dances in the United States. The Zwiefacher was also taught by Walter Grothe at the 1970 Stockton Folk Dance Camp and by John Filcich at the 1980 Northwest Folk Dance Festival in Enumclaw, Washington.
 
BACKGROUND: The Zwiefacher is one of the last living folk dances in the Bavarian area of Germany. "Zwie" is a variant of "Zwei" ('two') as in the word "zwiegespräch" ('dialogue'). The dance is also known by several other names in Bavaria and Austria, including "Bayerischer" ('Bäurisher Tanz' - dance of the farmers in contrast to dance of the town-people), "Heuberger" ('Haystack' - literally hay mountain), and "Übern Fuass" ('Over the Foot'). This type of dance is also found in Switzerland and Bohemia (Czech Republic).

The two sections to which the name refers are the "Walzer" (Waltz) and "Dreher" (Pivot - literally 'turner'). Unentertaining as they may appear from a spectator's standpoint, the mathematical and ultimately symmetrical combinations of these two step patterns into various step sequences make the Zwiefacher dances exciting to their participants. Native dancers learn the tune to the point of being able to whistle along and thus the music is the guide for the "Verzwichten" ('tricky change').

An increase in the popularity of this dance type is directly credited to Michael Eberwein of Dellnhausen in the Hallertau hops-growing area of lower Bavaria, about 80 kilometers north of München (Munich). Herr Eberwein was honored by the Bavarian government in 1980 on his 80th birthday. His book, Das Eberwein Liederbuch: Eine Zwiefachen und Liedersammlung vom Eberwein-Vater, published the same year, has more than 100 Zwiefacher song / dances collected during his lifetime. Ranging from the simple "Alte Kath" to the complicated "'s Suserl," the Zwiefacher songs give us an insight to the lifestyle of the people of Bavaria.

Described below are dances which were selected because of the availability at one time of recordings in the United States. These records are listed below and assigned an arbitrary number. Corresponding numbers may be found in parentheses after the name of each dance.

MUSIC:  1. TANZ (EP) 56-906,
 2. TANZ (EP) 56-908,
 3. TANZ (EP) 56-909,
 4. TANZ (EP) 56-910,
 5. Folkraft (45rpm) FK-1506,
 6. Folkraft (45rpm) FK-1507,
 7. Folkdancer (45rpm) MH-2014,
 8. Folkdancer (45rpm) MH-2017,
 9. Folkdancer (454pm) MH-2018,
10. Festival (EP) DA-578,
11. Festival (EP) BZS-7904,
12. Festival (EP) BZ-7905.
 
FORMATION:Cpls in social (ballroom) pos, except that M L and W R joined hands are held straight down to sides with palm of M L handholding the back of W R hand. M R hand is on W back just above the waist, W L hand is around and in back of M R shldr.
 
METER/RHYTHM: 3/4 and 2/4
 
STEPS/STYLE: W = Walzer: A flat-footed two step, 1/2 turn per 3/4 meas.
D = Dreher: A single pivoting step, 1/2 turn on one ct of 2/4 meas.

Knees are slightly flexed throughout and all steps are flat-footed with almost no bobbing up and down of the body.


 THE DANCES

 
 Bayerischer Bauer      (Recordings 4,5)
       (BAI-rih-sher BAU-ehr) "Bavarian farmer"
 
       WWDD   WWDD
       WWWW
       DDW   DDWW
 
 Böehmischer Wind      (Recording 10)
       (BEUR-mih-sher VINT) "Bohemian-forest wind"
 
       DW   DW   DWW
 
 Deifi du Dürrer      (Recordings 2,11)
       (DAI-fih doo DEU-rdr) "You skinny devil"
 
       WDD   WDD   WDD   WDD
       WDD   WDD   WDD   WW
 
 Der Wirt vo Stoa      (Recording 1)
       (dehr VEERT foh STOH-ah) "The innkeeper from Stein"
 
       WDD   WDD   WW
 
 Die Alte Kath      (Recordings 1,3,5,8,11,12)
       (AHL-teh KAHT) "Old Kate"
 
       WWDD
 
 Eisenkeilnest      (Recordings 1,3)
       (AIS-ehn-kail-nehst) "Kingfisher's nest"
 
       DDWW   DDWW
       DW   DW
       DDWW
 
 Hopfenschnupfer      (Recording 12)
       (HAWP-fehn-shnoop-fehr) "Hops sniffer"
 
       DDWW   DDWW
       DWWWW
       DDDWW   DDDWW
 
 Leit, Leit      (Recording 3)
       (LAIT-LAIT) "People, people (or folks, folks)"
 
       DDWWW   DDWWW
       DDWWW   DDWW
 
 Nagelschmied      (Recording 4)
       (NAH-gehl-shmeed) "Nail smithy"
 
       WWWWWWWW   WWWW   DDWW
       WWWWWWWW   WWWW   DDWW   DDWW
       WWWWWWWW   WWWW   DDWW   DDWW   DDWW
       WWWWWWWW   WWWW   DDWW   DDWW   DDWW   DDWW
       WWWWWWWW   WWWW   DDWW   DDWW   DDWW
       WWWWWWWW   WWWW   DDWW   DDWW
       WWWWWWWW   WWWW   DDWW
 
 Neun Häuser      (Recording 2)
       (NOIN HOI-sehr) "Nine houses"
 
       WWDDD   WWDDD
       WWDDD   WWW
 
 s' Luada      (Recording 2)
       (sloo-AH-dah) "That hussy"
 
       DDWW   DDWW   DDWW   DDWW
       DDDDDDDDDDDDDDDD
       DDDDDDDDDDDDDDDD
 
 s' Suserl      (Recordings 10,11)
       (SOO-zerl) "That Susie"
 
       Pattern A: DDW   DDW   DDWW
       Pattern B: DDWDD   DDWDD
 
       Sequence:
 
       Section 1: AABABA
       Section 2: AABABA
        Interlude: A
       Section 3: AABABA
           Ending: ABA
 
 Saulocker      (Recording 3)
       (SAU-lah-kehr) "Pig caller"
 
       DDDDWW
 
 Schneider, Schneider      (Recording 1)
       (SHNAI-dehr SCHNAI-dehr) "Tailor, tailor"
 
       DDW   DDWW
       DDW   DDWW
       DDW   DDDWW
       DDW   DDDWW
 
 Schubkarrn      (Recording 4)
       (SHOOB-kah-rdehn) "Wheelbarrow"
 
       WWDD   WWDD   WWDD   WWDD
       DDDDDDDDDDDDDDDD
 
 Sechs Löffel      (Recording 2)
       (ZEHKS LEU-fehl) "Six spoons"
 
       DDDDDDWW
 
 Sechsunddreissiger      (Recordings 4,9)
       (ZEHK-soon-DRAI-sihg-hehr) "Thirty-sixer"
 
       WWDD   WWDD
       WWDDDD
       WWDD   WWDD
 
 Sommermichl      (Recordings 4,6)
       (ZAW-mehr-mih-hel) "Summer playboy"
 
       DDDDWW   DDDDWW
       WWWW
       DDDDWW   DDDDWW
       WDD   WDD   WDD   WW
 
 Tauberer      (Recording 3)
       (TAU-ber-ehr) "Pigeon keeper"
 
       WWWW   DDDDWW
       WWWW   DDDDWW
       WWWW   WWWW   WWWW   DDDDWW
       WWWW   WWWW   WWWW   DDDDWW
 
 Wintergrün      (Recordings 3,7)
       (VIHN-tehr-greuin) "Wintergreen"
 
       WWWW
       DDWW   DDWW
 
 Zwei Kapellen      (Recording 10)
       (TSVAI kah-PEHL-ehn) "Two bands"
 
       DDDDWW (4X)
       WWDDDD (4X)
       WDD   WDD   WDDWW (4X)
 
       DDDDWW (2X)
       WWDDDD (2X)
       WDD   WDD   WDDWW (2X)
 
 Zwei-Vier-Sechs      (Recording 12)
       (TSVAI-VEER-zehks) "Two-four-six"
 
       DDWW
       DDDDWW
       DDDDDDWW
 
Copyright © 2012 by Dick Oakes