KOPAČKA

Macedonian

 
PRONUNCIATION: KOH-pahtch-kah
 
TRANSLATION: Kopačka gets its name from the verb "kopni" (to dig).
 
SOURCE: Dick Oakes learned this dance from Mitch Allen, a performer with the AMAN Folk Ensemble (aka, AMAN International Music and Dance Company) of Los Angeles, California. It was taught to members of AMAN by Stanimir Visinski of Macedonia.

Versions of this dance have been taught to folk dancers in the United States by Atanas Kolarovsk, who toured in 1956 with TANEC (the Macedonian State Folk Ensemble); John Filcich, who learned the dance from Atanas and first taught it in 1958; Elsie Ivancich Dunin, who learned the dance from members of TANEC in Skopje, Macedonia; Dick Crum, one of the foremost Balkan dance researchers in the world, who also learned the dance in Yugoslavia; and Pece Atanasovski, who was one of the most accomplished gajda players in the world.

BACKGROUND: Kopačka is a farmer's dance from the Delčevo-Berovo district of eastern Macedonia. Originally a dance for men only, the various figures mimic tasks of the farmer, in particular, hoeing. With its village style of steps and technique, it is quite popular in eastern Macedonia and widely used by exhibition groups there. It is actually a suite of two dances that take their names from the first lines of their respective songs, "Dimna juda, mamo," and "Derviško viško, mome."

This dance is composed of a slow part that consists of a basic walking figure, with two variations, and a fast part that has six figures. The six figures in the second part may be considered to be three pairs for ease in remembering them because the figures in each pair are very similar.

MUSIC: Atanas Kolarovski (LP) AK008 (2nd part very fast)
AMAN (LP) A-106 (2nd part medium)
Festival (45rpm) F-4001 (2nd part very fast)
Folkraft (45rpm) 1565-A
Fiesta (LP) FLP-1362 (2nd part very fast)
Jugoton (45EP) EPY-3009 (2nd part very fast)
Nevofoon (LP) 15016 (2nd part medium-fast)
Radio Televizija Beograd (LP) RTB LP-1394 (2nd part slow to very fast)
 
FORMATION:Originally lines of eight to ten M, although usually not restricted in the United States. Dancers grasp neighbors' belts in "X" pos, R arm under. End dancers may tuck thumb in belt or hold free hand behind back. Leader often flourishes a handkerchief in R hand.
 
METER/RHYTHM: 4/4 and 2/4
 
STEPS/STYLE: All steps are danced with precision. In the slow part, the steps are clear and are not scraped along the floor. In the fast part, the steps are kept tiny and precise. The bearing is proudly erect, yet relaxed.
 

MEASMOVEMENT DESCRIPTION

 
 INTRODUCTION
 
 Varies. Some recordings have no introduction, some have one meas of 4/4 music, others have an extended "gajda" solo.
 
SLOW PART - 4/4 METER
 
I. WALK
 
1-10Facing slightly to R of ctr and beg R, dance 40 walking steps in LOD (4 per meas).
 
II. BALANCE
 
1Continuing in same dir, walk 4 more steps, beg R,
2Facing ctr, balance R swd (ct 1); slight bounce on R (ct 2); balance L swd (ct 3); slight bounce on L (ct 4);
3Balance R swd (ct 1); slight bounce on R (ct 2); facing slightly to L of ctr, step L swd in RLOD (ct 3); step R across in front of L (ct 4);
4Step L swd (ct 1); step R across in back of L (ct 2); balance L swd (ct 3); slight bounce on L (ct 4);
5Balance R swd (ct 1); slight bounce on R (ct 2); balance L swd (ct 3); slight bounce on L (ct 4).
6-10Repeat action of meas 1-5.
 
III. WALK
 
1Repeat action of meas Fig I, meas 1-10.
 
IV. STEP-LIFTS
 
1Continuing in same RLOD dir, walk 4 more steps, beg R;
2Facing ctr, step R swd (ct 1); raise L leg in front of R with bent knee and a slight bounce on R (ct 2); step L swd (ct 3); raise R leg in front of L with bent knee and a slight bounce on L (ct 4);
3Step R swd (ct 1); raise L leg in front of R with bent knee and a slight bounce no R (ct 2); facing slightly to L of ctr, step L swd in RLOD (ct 3); step R across in front of L (ct 4);
4Step L swd (ct 1); step R across in back of L (ct 2); step L swd (ct 3); raise R leg in front of L with bent knee and a slight bounce on L (ct 4);
5Step R swd (ct 1); raise L leg in front of R with bent knee and a slight bounce on R (ct 2); step L swd (ct 3); raise R leg in front of R with bent knee and a slight bounce on L (ct 4).
6-10Repeat action of meas 1-5.
 
 Repeat action of Fig I-IV to end of slow music.
 
FAST PART - 2/4 METER
 
I. SCISSORS/SCISSORS
 
1Facing ctr, small hop L (ct 1); small step R swd (ct &); step L next to R (ct 2); pause (ct &);
2Repeat action of meas 1, extending R low fwd on ct 2 in preparation for next step;
3Step R in place, extending L low fwd (ct 1); step L in place, extending R low fwd (ct &); step R in place, exending L low fwd (ct 2); pause (ct &);
4Repeat action of meas 3 with opp ftwk;
5Leap R in place, simultaneously touching L swd to L with partial wt and a slight twist of body (ct 1); hop R, bringing L up across on front of R with bent knee, as body straightens fwd (ct 2);
 
6-7Repeat action of meas 1-2 to L with opp ftwk.
8Step L next to R, raising bent knee slightly in front (ct 1); push R heel fwd and down with a "dig" motion but without touching floor (ct 2);
9-10Repeat scissor action of meas 3-4.
 
11-20Repeat action of meas 1-10.
 
II. SCISSORS/RUNNING THREES
 
1-8Repeat action of Fig I, meas 1-8;
9Facing slightly to R of ctr, run R diag R twd ctr (ct 1); run L diag R twd ctr (ct &); run R diag R twd ctr (ct 2); pause (ct &);
10Repeat action of meas 9 in same dir with opp ftwk.
 
11-20Repeat action of Fig II, meas 1-10, moving diag bwd during meas 11-12.
 
III. DOUBLE TOUCH
 
1-5Repeat action of Fig II, meas 11-15;
 
6Hop R, simultaneously touching L swd to L with partial wt (ct 1); hop R, bringing L up across in back of R (ct 2);
7Step L back in place next to R heel, simultaneously extending R low fwd (ct 1); step R next to L, simultaneously extending L low fwd (ct 2);
8-9Repeat action of Fig I, meas 8-9.
10Hop R (ct 1); step L diag across in front of R (ct 2).
 
11-20Repeat action of meas 1-10.
 
IV. JUMP-PAUSE
 
1-2Repeat action of Fig III, meas 1-2;
3Jump to both in place with ft together (ct 1); pause (cts &,2,&);
4Pause (cts 1,&,2,&);
5-10Repeat action of Fig III, meas 5-10.
 
11-20Repeat action of meas 1-10.
 
V. BICYCLE
 
1Repeat action of Fig III, meas 1 only;
2-8Repeat action of Fig III, meas 3-9;
9Hop R, bringing L up beside calf in a bwd "bicycle" motion (ct 1); continuing down in a bwd "bicycle" motion, brush L fwd on the floor (ct 2);
10Hop R, bringing L up beside calf in a bwd "bicycle" motion (ct 1); continuing down in a bwd "bicycle" motion, step L next to R heel (ct 2).
 
11-20Repeat action of meas 1-10.
 
VI. SLAP
 
1-8Repeat action of Fig V, meas 1-8;
9Hop R, bringing L up fwd with straight leg (ct 1); slap L fwd onto floor, bending supporting R knee (ct 2);
10Hop R, bringing L up beside calf in a bwd "bicycle" motion (ct 1); continuing down in a bwd "bicycle" motion, step L next to R heel (ct 2).
 
11-20Repeat action of meas 1-10.
 
 Repeat action of FAST PART from beg to end of music.

KOPAČKA
Macedonia

DIMNA JUDA, MAMO
 
/// Dimna Juda, mamo, grad gradila ///
/ Na plannina, mamo, na Vlaina. /

/ Što je holje, mamo, pobivala
Sve ergenji, mamo, za glavenje /
Sve ergenji, mamo, za glavenje.

/ Što je priče, mamo zapričala
Se devojke, mamo, za maženje /
Se devojke, mamo, za maženje.

NOTE: This third verse is omitted on some recordings.

Dimna Juda built (a palace)
On the Vlajina Mountain.

She pounded in the building stakes
With the bachelors she enslaved.
 

And the story was told
That the girls were for marrying.


 
DERVIŠKO VIŠKO, MOME
 
  /// Derviško viško, mome, derviško dušo ///

Rob kete ti bidam, mome, rob kete ti bidam
Rob kete ti bidam, mome, vremen tri godini,
Rob kete ti bidam, mome, vremen tri godin'.

Samo da ti vidam, mome, samo da ti vidam
Samo da ti vidam, mome, beloto liko?
Samo da ti vidam, mome, beloto lik'?

Li e belo mome, dali e belo,
Da li e belo, mome, kako što beše?
Da li e belo, mome, kako što beš'?

Ida go vidiš, ludo, i da go vidiš,
I da go vidiš, ludo, fajda si nema,
I da go vidiš, ludo, fajda si nema.

Repeat entire song, then first two verses.

Oh Dervish girl, oh Dervish girl! Oh Dervish girl, soul of mine.

I will be your slave, I will be your slave.
I will be your slave for three years.

 
Just to see you, just to see you.
Just to see your fair face.

 
Is it fair (your face), is it fair.
Is it fair as it always was?

 
Even if you see it, crazy fellow, even if you see it,
Even if you see it, crazy fellow, it will do you no good!


Copyright © 2012 by Dick Oakes