Dutch Pronunciation Guide
By Dick Oakes
A a, B b, C c, D d, E e, F f, G g,
H h, I i, J j, K k, L l, M m, N n, O o, P p,
Q q, R r, S s, T t, U u, V v,
W w, X x, Y y, Ĳ ĳ, Z z
Dutch is a West Germanic language spoken by more than 20 million people.
The letter b is pronounced p at the end of a word (b elsewhere).
The letter d is pronounced t at the end of a word (d elsewhere).
The letter e is probounced eh in unaccented syllables.
The letter g is pronounced x at the start of a word.
The letter h after t is silent.
The letter n at the end of a word is softened or even silent.
The letter i after a vowel is pronounced as the y in away.
The letter r is usually silent before g (r elsewhere).
The letter ĳ was once written y (now used only in foreign words).
There is also the addition of a diacritical mark called the "trema" (ä, ë, ï, ü), indicating that the vowel is pronounced separately from the preceding vowel.
Letters not listed below are pronounced approximately as in English.
|A, a||- a as in above; a as in father|
|E, e||- a as in hat; e as in wet; a as in face|
|I, i||- i as in pin; also i as in machine|
|O, o||- also o as in gone; o as in note|
|U, u||- a as in about; ew as in dew|
|Y, y||- i as in pin; also i as in machine|
|C, c||- k as in king; s as in sing|
|G, g||- ch as in loch|
|R, r||- slightly rolled; when used as a vowel as er in pert|
|Ĳ, ĳ||- e as in eye|
|W, w||- v as in vine|
|Ai, ai||- ai as in jai alai|
|Au, au||- ou as in proud|
|Ea, ea||- letters are pronounced separately|
|Ei, ei||- e as in eye|
|Eu, eu||- eu as in fleur|
|Eeuw, eeuw||- ch as in loch|
|Ia, ia||- letters are pronounced separately|
|Ie, ie||- i as in machine|
|Ieuw, ieuw||- ew as in new|
|Io, io||- letters are pronounced separately|
|Oe, oe||- oo as in boot|
|Ou, ou||- ou as in loud|
|Ui, ui||- ir as in bird|
|Uw, uw||- ew as in new|
|Ch, ch||- ch as in loch|
|dt||- at the end of a word is pronounced as a t in bat|
|ig||- at the end of a word is pronounced as a in bubba|
|isch||- at the end of a word is pronounced i as in line with the ch silent|
|Kn, kn||- k(e)n as in broken|
|lijk||- at the end of a word is pronounced as a in above|
|Ng, ng||- ng as in sing|
|Sch, sch||- ch as in church|
|Tj, tj||- ch as in church|
Copyright © 2011 by Dick Oakes